What Is A Door Closer?

Are you curious to know what is a door closer? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about a door closer in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is a door closer?

In our daily lives, we interact with countless doors that provide access and security in various settings. Have you ever wondered how doors are able to close gently and securely on their own? The answer lies in a device known as a door closer. In this article, we will delve into the world of door closers, exploring their definition, functions, and the benefits they offer in terms of convenience, safety, and energy efficiency.

What Is A Door Closer?

A door closer is a mechanical device installed on doors to automatically control their closing action. It is typically mounted on the upper portion of the door and the door frame, enabling smooth and controlled closing without the need for manual intervention. Door closers are commonly found in commercial buildings, public spaces, and residential settings, where they play a crucial role in maintaining security, accessibility, and comfort.

How Does A Door Closer Work?

A door closer consists of several key components, including a hydraulic or pneumatic mechanism, springs, and control valves. When a door equipped with a door closer is opened, the mechanism within the closer is engaged. As the door is released, the door closer controls the speed and force of the closing action, ensuring a controlled and gradual closing motion. The adjustable settings on the door closer allow for customization of closing speed and latching force to suit specific requirements and door sizes.

Benefits Of Door Closers:

  1. Convenience: One of the primary benefits of door closers is the convenience they provide. By automatically closing the door behind you, door closers eliminate the need for manual door handling, allowing for a smooth and effortless experience. This is particularly beneficial in high-traffic areas or when carrying objects.
  2. Safety and Security: Door closers enhance safety and security by ensuring that doors are consistently closed and latched. This helps prevent unauthorized access, reduces the risk of break-ins, and maintains the integrity of fire-rated doors, compartmentalizing spaces in case of emergencies.
  3. Energy Efficiency: Door closers contribute to energy efficiency by minimizing the loss of heated or cooled air through open doors. By ensuring prompt closure, door closers help maintain a comfortable indoor environment and reduce energy consumption associated with HVAC systems.
  4. ADA Compliance: Door closers play a vital role in achieving compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). By providing controlled and accessible door closing, door closers enable individuals with mobility challenges or disabilities to navigate spaces with ease.
  5. Noise Control: In busy environments, such as offices or commercial establishments, door closers help reduce noise pollution by preventing slamming or forcefully closing doors. This creates a quieter and more conducive environment for work, meetings, or customer interactions.


Door closers may often go unnoticed, but their presence is crucial for ensuring convenience, safety, and energy efficiency in various settings. By providing controlled door closing, door closers enhance security, accessibility, and comfort for users. Whether in commercial buildings, public spaces, or residential settings, the invisible guardian known as the door closer silently contributes to our daily interactions with doors, making our lives more streamlined and secure.

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What Is The Purpose Of Door Closers?

A door closer will ensure that the door returns to the closed position after the opening, allowing the locking element to engage and secure the door. Doors using maglocks, electric strikes, or electric locks would all require a controlled door-closing device to be fitted to provide secure closing.

What Are The Two Types Of Door Closer?

Cam action and Rack and Pinion are two types of mechanisms used in door closers. Rack and pinion is the most widely used mechanism normally used with a jointed arm.

What Is The Difference Between A Door Operator And A Door Closer?

You can choose a device that assists in closing the door when it is opened (aka closers) or a device that both closes and opens the door (aka operators).

What Is Another Name For Door Closer?

Automatic. An automatic door closer, more often called a “door opener”, opens the door itself, typically under the control of a push button, motion detector, or other devices, and then closes it as well, employing a motion or proximity detector to determine when it is safe to close the door.


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